Claudia Capitini's M.S. Degree, 2003
Aquarium fisheries management in West Hawaii: a dynamic conflict
Master of Environmental Science, Washington State University, Spring 2003
Graduate committee: B. Tissot, M. Carroll, R. Jussaume
Aquarium collecting in Hawaii has been the subject of controversy for 50 years. The conflict evolved from struggles among user groups over resource access and conservation. This article explores the dynamic nature of the conflict in West Hawaii by examining the dispute in the context of the legislative framework in Hawaii, the different values and interests and values involved, and the role of science. EDR processes offer an alternative to traditional legislative processes, whether consensus based or not. EDR also allows for a tailored approach to interest-based, identity-based, and interest-/identity-based conflicts, which all have different resolution goals. West Hawaii’s Fishery Replacement Area conflict was originally framed as an interest-based dispute, although it includes aspects that are clearly identity-based. The uncertainty in coral reef and fisheries management and the science behind access and harvest adds additional complexity to consensus processes. This conflict resolution process occurred within a limited legislative framework and was steered by scientific interests. A facilitator might employ steps such as reframing the issues to reveal respective and shared needs, encouraging positive contact between stakeholders, and incorporating aspects of identity-based approaches into the situation in West Hawaii.
Download Thesis (PDF file)
Capitini, C., B. N. Tissot, M. Carroll, W. Walsh and S. Peck. 2004. Aquarium fisheries management in west Hawaii: a dynamic conflict. Soc. Nat. Res. 17: 763-778 PDF